DEVELOPMENT OF COMPLEXITY, ACCURACY, AND FLUENCY IN HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS’ WRITTEN FOREIGN LANGUAGE PRODUCTION

Bouchaib Benzehaf

Abstract


The present study aims to longitudinally
depict the dynamic and interactive development of
Complexity, Accuracy, and Fluency (CAF) in
multilingual learners’ L2 and L3 writing. The data
sources include free writing tasks written in L2 French
and L3 English by 45 high school participants over a
period of four semesters. CAF dimensions are measured
using a variation of Hunt’s T-units (1964). Analysis of
the quantitative data obtained suggests that CAF
measures develop differently for learners’ L2 French and
L3 English. They increase more persistently in L3
English, and they display the characteristics of a
dynamic, non-linear system characterized by ups and
downs particularly in L2 French. In light of the results,
we suggest more and denser longitudinal data to explore
the nature of interactions between these dimensions in
foreign language development, particularly at the
individual level.

Keywords: CAF, proficiency, interaction.


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JEELS by STAIN Kediri is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://jurnal.stainkediri.ac.id/index.php/jeels.

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